Aizawl is the capital city of Mizoram, which is situated in the Northeastern region of India.  According to the 2011 census data, Aizawl had population of 400,309 of which male and female were 199,270 and 201,039 respectively. It is the largest city in the state. The population of Aizawl strongly reflects the different communities of the ethnic Mizo people.


Most popularly known as “Mizos”, the people of Aizawl are quite simple and polite by nature. They are highly skilled in handicraft work. Lifestyle of people of Aizawl is highly influenced by the Tibetan, Chinese and Burmese people. Other famous tribes found in Aizawl are Poi, Dulien, Sukte, Fanai and many more.


Changgbang is the most common food of Aizawl which is simply boiled sticky rice. The staple food of Aizawl is Rice and fish for the non-vegetarians. Other mostly found dishes in Aizawl are PanchPhorontaarkari, Dal with eggs, KoatPitha and so on.

Local festivals, art and music


Aizawl is a part of agricultural land and therefore, almost all the festivals revolve round the crops. The most common festivals of Aizawl are Kut comprises of MimKut, ChapcharKut and Pawl Kut. The main dances of Aizawl are Chai, Sarlamkai, Chheihlam and Khuallam.


Aizawl has a mild, sub-tropical climate due to its location and elevation. Under  the Koppen climate classification, Aizawl features a humid subtropical climate but very rainy. In the summer the temperature ranges from 20–30 °C (68–86 °F), and in the winter 11–21 °C (52–70 °F).


Air: Aizawl is connected by air transport through Lengpui Airport which it is situated near Aizawl. The airport provides connectivity to Kolkata, Imphal, Guwahati, Shillong and Delhi. A helicopter service by Pawan Hans was started in 2012 and connects the city with Lunglei, Lawgtlai, Saiha, Chawngte, Serchhip, Champhai, Kolasib, Khawzawl, Ngopa and Hnahthial.

Roads:The yellow-and-white taxis are widely available; Maruti cars are most widely used. Privately owned blue-and-white mini buses are on regular service as city buses.

  • National Highway 54: connects Aizawl to Silchar
  • National Highway 40: connects Aizawl to Agartala
  • National Highway 150: connects Aizawl to Imphal

Rail: Nearest rail-head is Silchar which is in Assam ( 184 km away).

Aizawl Table Data of 2001 & 2011

Actual Population 400,309 325,676
Male 199,270 166,877
Female 201,039 158,799
Population Growth 22.92% 38.07%
Area Sq. Km 3,576 3,576
Density/km2 112 91
Proportion to Mizoram Population 36.48% 36.65%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 1009 952
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 979 973
Average Literacy 97.89 96.51
Male Literacy 98.11 96.75
Female Literacy 97.67 96.26
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 52,357 46,223
Male Population (0-6 Age) 26,450 23,428
Female Population (0-6 Age) 25,907 22,795
Literates 340,595 269,699
Male Literates 169,547 138,783
Female Literates 171,048 130,916
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 13.08% 14.19%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 13.27% 14.04%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 12.89% 14.35%
Hindu 13,249 3.31 %
Muslims 5,264 1.31 %
Christian 379,134 94.71 %
Sikh 105 0.03 %
Buddhist 1,570 0.39 %
Jain 76 0.02 %
Others 505 0.13 %
Not Stated 406 0.10 %

Source: Census 2011 &



Subra Chakma


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